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2021 Waitākere Ranges kauri population health monitoring survey

Karyn Froud, Yue Chin Chew, John Kean, Jane Meiforth, Sarah Killick, Edward Ashby, Robin Taua-Gordon, Alastair Jamieson, Lisa Tolich
Auckland Council, Environmental Services
Publication date:  

Kauri dieback, plant pathogens

2021 Waitākere Ranges kauri population health monitoring survey / Te Rangahau Aroturuki i ngā Rākau Rangatira o Te Wao Nui ā Tiriwa

Blue seas green headlands Cornwallis Auckland

Phytophthora agathidicida, the causal agent of kauri (Agathis australis) dieback disease, is a threat to the health and long-term survival of kauri forests. In this report, we present a new long-term kauri health monitoring framework, developed using an epidemiological approach to investigate kauri health at the population level and help provide answers to a variety of management questions. We discuss the roll-out of the second tier of this comprehensive long-term monitoring framework in Te Wao Nui ā Tiriwa / the Waitākere Ranges. The survey, undertaken in 2021, was largely funded by the Auckland Council Natural Environment Targeted Rate (NETR) and has been co-designed and delivered in close partnership with Te Kawerau ā Maki following extensive input from New Zealand scientists and international experts.

The survey used a cross-sectional study design, which collects disease, pathogen and risk factor data at a single point in time to understand associations. Using new remote sensing techniques to understand the spatial distribution of the kauri population, a randomised sample of kauri was selected for field survey. Data were collected for three separate studies: a baseline prevalence study of P. agathidicida and symptomatic kauri, a risk factor study and a diagnostic test performance evaluation study. Key findings from all three studies are presented in the report.

This survey provides a consistent cohort of monitored kauri that can be measured repeatedly to understand change in disease and pathogen prevalence over time. Results will help inform the ongoing and adaptive management of kauri dieback across Tāmaki Makaurau / Auckland.

Auckland Council technical report, TR2022/8


1. Complete report

2. Executive summary

3. Acknowledgements, table of contents, table of figures, table of tables, glossary of Te Reo Māori words and terminology

4. Chapter 1: Long-term kauri health monitoring framework and objectives of the 2021 Waitākere Ranges Monitoring Survey

5. Chapter 2: Baseline prevalence study of Phytophthora agathidicida and kauri dieback in the Waitākere Ranges and frequency of potential risk factors using a cross-sectional study

6. Chapter 3: Multivariable analysis of risk factors associated with symptomatic kauri and detection of Phytophthora agathidicida in the Waitākere Ranges

7. Chapter 4: Estimation of the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of kauri dieback visual assessment and Phytophthora agathidicida soil baiting, culturing and morphological identification using Bayesian latent class analysis

8. Chapter 5: Key findings of the 2021 Waitākere Ranges survey

9. Chapter 6: Future steps for the long-term strategy for monitoring kauri health in the Auckland region

10. Appendix A: Monitoring form and detailed methods for study variables

11. Appendix B: Supplementary results from the prevalence study – descriptive summary of host, environment and anthropogenic risk factors and ecological impact factors from Chapter 2

12. Appendix C: Results of univariable screening tests from Chapter 3

13. Appendix D: Results of multivariable screening tests from Chapter 3

14. Appendix E: OpenBUGS code for the BLCA model from Chapter 4

15. Appendix F: Supplementary information from Chapter 4

16. Appendix G: Supplementary information risk maps from GIS derived variables

30 June 2022