Source:Auckland Council Research and Evaluation Unit, RIMU
This literature review on Pacific entrepreneurship provides the context for the development of research questions and methods for the RIMU research project on ‘Pacific Entrepreneurship in Auckland’. New Zealand has high levels of entrepreneurship and the government (local and central) strongly advocates entrepreneurship as a key area of economic growth. However, the literature indicates that improvements are needed to encourage Pacific engagement in entrepreneurship and innovation. Entrepreneurship literature looks at barriers and drivers for entrepreneurship success and, in the case of Pacific entrepreneurship, argues that these need to be viewed with a culturally responsive lens. Methods to encourage entrepreneurship within Pacific communities include mentorship, improving financial access, culturally targeted education and training for Pacific youth, and recognising and supporting diverse Pacific economies. Literature on Pacific entrepreneurship is a small but growing area of research: much of the work is found in theses and conference papers. This literature review has drawn on these unpublished sources, as well as on central and local government and NGO reports on Pacific entrepreneurship, and on newspaper and website-based reports on Pacific businesses. The review has also consulted literature on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in New Zealand, as well as on immigrant, Māori, and social entrepreneurship.